Data utilities

These items are convenience functions for common data processing work done for pydeck maps.

compute_view(points, view_proportion=1, view_type=<class 'pydeck.bindings.view_state.ViewState'>)

Automatically computes a zoom level for the points passed in.

  • points (list of list of float or pandas.DataFrame) – A list of points

  • view_propotion (float, default 1) – Proportion of the data that is meaningful to plot

  • view_type (class constructor for pydeck.ViewState, default pydeck.bindings.view_state.ViewState) – Class constructor for a viewport. In the current version of pydeck, users most likely do not have to modify this attribute.


Viewport fitted to the data

Return type


For example, suppose you have 100 points, most of which are centered around London and ten of which are distributed a few 100 kilometers away from it. If you set view_proportion=0.9, pydeck will attempt to fit to the middle 90% of the data, aiming to exclude the points furthest from the core of the visualization. Suppose your ten points are in the Americas in this example–they would be excluded.


Produces lookup table keyed by each class of data, with value as an RGB array


data_vector (list) – Vector of data classes to be categorized, passed from the data itself


Dictionary of random RGBA value per class, keyed on class

Return type



Below is an illustration of pydeck.data_utils.color_scales.assign_random_colors(), using a small data set of two classes (here, ‘Palace’ and ‘Clock Tower) and three obervations (‘Big Ben’, ‘Kensington Palace’, and ‘Buckingham Palace’). Our goal is to quickly color the data by category.

>>> import pydeck
>>> import pandas
>>> data = pandas.DataFrame([
>>>     {
>>>         'site': 'Big Ben',
>>>         'attraction_type': 'Clock Tower',
>>>         'lat': 51.5006958,
>>>         'lng': -0.1266639
>>>     },
>>>     {
>>>         'site': 'Kensington Palace',
>>>         'attraction_type': 'Palace':
>>>         'lat': 51.5046188,
>>>         'lng': -0.1839472
>>>     },
>>>     {
>>>         'attraction_type': 'Palace',
>>>         'site': 'Buckingham Palace',
>>>         'lat': 51.501364,
>>>         'lng': -0.14189
>>>     }
>>> ])
>>> color_lookup = pydeck.data_utils.assign_random_colors(data['attraction_type'])
>>> # Assign a color based on attraction_type
>>> data['color'] = data.apply(lambda row: color_lookup.get(row['attraction_type']), axis=1)
>>> # Data now has an RGB color by attraction type:
        'site': 'Big Ben',
        'attraction_type': 'Clock Tower',
        'lat': 51.5006958,
        'lng': -0.1266639,
        'color': [0, 10, 35]
        'site': 'Kensington Palace',
        'attraction_type': 'Palace':
        'lat': 51.5046188,
        'lng': -0.1839472,
        'color': [53, 243, 130]
        'attraction_type': 'Palace',
        'site': 'Buckingham Palace',
        'lat': 51.501364,
        'lng': -0.14189,
        'color': [53, 243, 130]